Rheumatoid Arthritis


Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disorder, which principally attacks the peripheral joints and surrounding muscles, tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels. It may also affect many tissues and organs. It primarily affects the joints inflaming their lining (synovium), resulting in pain and swelling that eventually leads to deformity. It is characterized by spontaneous remissions and unpredictable exacerbation.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a medical condition that has multi-faceted shades of presentation, including many systemic complaints as the disease progresses. The main aim of treating a Rheumatoid Arthritis patient is to arrest the progress of the disease and prevent onset of any abnormality. With persons in whom the deformity has already set in, the aim is to reduce pain and deformity.

Signs & Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

The joints become swollen, tender and warm, and stiffness limits their movement. With time, RA nearly always affects multiple joints ( polyarthritis). Most commonly, small joints of the hands, feet and cervical spine are affected, but larger joints like the shoulder and knee can also be involved. Synovitis can result in tethering of tissue with loss of movement and erosion of the joint surface, causing deformity and loss of function. Increased stiffness early in the morning is often a prominent feature of the disease which may last for more than an hour. In most patients, the disease follows an intermittent course and allows normal activity, although 10% suffer total disability from severe articular deformity, associated extra-articular symptoms, or both. The prognosis worsens with the development of nodules, vasculitis, and high titers of rheumatoid factor (RF).

The disease has been shown to place an enormous burden on society.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk Factors

Risk Factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis include the following :

Diagnosis & Tests for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Diagnosis

Testing

Testing is extremely important to determine the stage of the disease and in selection of appropriate treatment options. Testing can include blood tests and/or X-rays, such as:

Ayurveda Approach for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Psoriasis is a very common condition. The disorder may affect people of any age, but it most commonly begins between ages 15 and 35. The condition cannot be spread to others. Psoriasis seems to be passed down through families.

Diagnosis & Tests for Psoriasis

Diagnosis is usually based on what the skin looks like. Sometimes, a skin biopsy is done to rule out other possible conditions. If associated with joint pain, x-rays may be ordered.

Ayurveda Approach for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Nidhana & Samprapthi

Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition that demands the best implementation of the nuances of clinical skills of an Ayurveda physician. It is a medical condition that has multifaceted shades of presentation, which includes many systemic complaints as the disease progress. The main aim of treating a rheumatoid arthritis patient is to arrest the progress of the disease and prevent onset of any abnormality. Persons in whom the deformity has already set in the aim is to reduce the pain and deformity.

The treatment modality is both internal medications and therapies, judiciously administered after assessing the clinical condition. Here the therapies like lepa (anointions), vasti ( medicinal enema), dhara (pouring of medicinal liquid in a particular fashion) are of great significance. Significant improvement in respect to pain and range of movements can be brought about by the appropriate treatment. In conditions of deformity also treatment in long run may be of some help to the patient. In progressive state involving multiple systems though some efficacy is evident , the benefit of the treatment is unpredictable.

Treatment specific information

The nature of the disease necessitates long run treatment protocol with continuous internal medications regular therapies. The patient need to be on naimittika rasayana (rejuvenation therapy specific to the disease) during the convalescence also.

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